Flower Spotlight: Iris

Flower Spotlight: Iris

What are Irises?

Irises are perennial herbaceous plants that grow from a fleshy root bulb or creeping rhizomes. They produce intricate, multiple flower segments that are gently-scented. Flowers are naturally blue-violet, but can also be found in colors such as white, pink and yellow. With long, basal leaves and erect flower stems, they can be mistaken for lily plants when not in bloom.

Types of Irises

Irises grow wild in certain areas and have also been bred for ornamental use, with a range of physical characteristics present. The larger and more showy garden irises are popular choices for filling public and home garden spaces. Different types of irises include:

Bearded Iris: This iris has little hairs that adorn the petals near its reproductive organs. Flowers are large and perfect for house gardens.

Yellow Iris: Naturally yellow in color, this iris is ideal to mix with white daisies for a pop of color in your outdoor spaces.

Siberian Iris: This type of iris produces flowers with petals that are thinner and more delicate than those of the bearded iris. They also have thinner leaves that appear more grass-like.

How to grow Irises?

Irises are fairly easy to grow. They enjoy the sun and do best in temperate climates with direct or indirect bright sunlight. It is important not to over-water irises, as their bulbous roots are sensitive and likely to rot if over-watered. If you want to bring irises indoors, ensure your flower pot has a drainage whole and consider using a moisture meter to ensure soil isn’t over-wet. In addition, not many iris plants are needed in order to fill your garden space, because irises can spread vegetatively with their creeping rhizomes. A gardeners favorite flower, irises naturally assist with filling in empty garden space over time with its beautiful and intricate flowers.

By Olivia Turner

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